Today we will learn how to install php and MySQL with Apache. Installing PHP and MySql will help you run php on your Apache Server. This tutorial shows you, how to install PHP and Mysql on the ubuntu. Also we will learn how to secure the mysql by setting root password. Let’s see how to install php and MySQL with Apache
Click here to learn how to install Apache on Ubuntu.
Install PHP on Apache
PHP is the component of your setup that will process code to display dynamic content. It can run scripts, connect to your MySQL databases to get information, and hand the processed content over to your web server to display.
Before install it, update the package index on your server
sudo apt update
Run below command to install the PHP
sudo apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-mysql
In most cases, you will want to modify the way that Apache serves files when a directory is requested. Currently, if a user requests a directory from the server, Apache will first look for a file called
index.html. We want to tell the web server to prefer PHP files over others, so make Apache look for an
index.php file first.
To do this, type this command to open the
dir.conf file in a text editor with root privileges:
sudo nano /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/dir.conf
It will look like this:
<IfModule mod_dir.c> DirectoryIndex index.html index.cgi index.pl index.php index.xhtml index.htm </IfModule>
Move the PHP index file to the first position after the
DirectoryIndex specification, like this:
<IfModule mod_dir.c> DirectoryIndex index.php index.html index.cgi index.pl index.xhtml index.htm </IfModule>
When you are finished, save and close the file by pressing
CTRL+X. Confirm the save by typing
Y and then hit
ENTER to verify the file save location.
After this, restart the Apache web server in order for your changes to be recognized. Do this by typing this:
sudo systemctl restart apache2
Congrats!! You have successfully install the PHP on Apache server.
On Ubuntu 18.04, only the latest version of MySQL is included in the APT package repository by default. At the time of writing, that’s MySQL 5.7
Now run the below command to install the MySql
sudo apt install mysql-server
The above command will give information about the packages it is going to install. It will ask for the continue, press y and hit enter
The above command will install the MySQL server on your Ubuntu, but will not prompt you to set a password or make any other configuration changes. Because this leaves your installation of MySQL insecure, we will address this next.
For fresh installations, you’ll want to run the included security script. This changes some of the less secure default options for things like remote root logins and sample users. On older versions of MySQL, you needed to initialize the data directory manually as well, but this is done automatically now.
Run the security script:
The above command will ask some question, Please read them carefully and answer them
Congrats!! You have successfully installed the MySQL
Login to MySQL
Type below command and hit enter it will ask to login into the MySQL
sudo mysql -u root -p
The above command will ask for the password. Enter the password what you enter while the securing the MySQL and hit enter will login into MySQL
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