Laravel 6 – Create First Ajax CRUD Application from Scratch

laravel 6 First Ajax CRUD Application – Ajax CRUD will make user experience better. We would love to share with you how to create ajax CRUD operation in laravel based project.Today we will implement ajax CRUD application in new laravel 6 without page refresh or reload.

We will use boostrap modal and jquery ajax for create laravel application crud operation without page reload or refresh. In this example we will show users list (user management) with pagination and also provide a demo application for your testing. In the last of example we will attatched a live demo button. click on live demo button and test demo laravel 6 crud application in your hand

Contents

  • Laravel Setup
  • Database Connection
  • Create Model and Migration
  • Create Route
  • Generate(create) Controller
  • Create Blade View
  • Start Development Server
  • Conclusion

First Install New Laravel Setup

In this step, we will download a new laravel 6 setup. Use the below following command and download it :

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel LaravelAjax

Database Connection

Next Go to your project root directory, find .env file and setup database credential here :

 DB_CONNECTION=mysql 
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=here your database name here
DB_USERNAME=here database username here
DB_PASSWORD=here database password here

Next, We will create table using laravel migration. If you don’t want to use laravel migration you can skip this step. Run the below command to create migration

php artisan make:migration create_users_table

Next go to app/datatabase/migrations and open users migration file and put the below code here :

public function up()
{
Schema::create('users', function (Blueprint $table) {
$table->increments('id');
$table->string('name')->nullable();
$table->string('email')->nullable();
$table->timestamps();
});
}

Before we run php artisan migrate command go to app/providers/AppServiceProvider.php and put the below code :

...
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
 
....
function boot()
{
    Schema::defaultStringLength(191);
}
...

Next migrate the table using the below command :

php artisan migrate

Create Route

Create one resource route. It contain by default multiple method like create,store,update,edit and destory :

//Ajax Crud Laravel
Route::resource('ajax-crud', 'AjaxController');

Generate (Create) Controller

Now we will create resource controller. Use the below command for generate controller

php artisan make:controller AjaxController --resource 

Next we will use only four methods the from resource controller. Next open your controller and replace the methods given in below :

<?php
  
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
  
use App\User;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use Redirect,Response;
  
class AjaxController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Display a listing of the resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function index()
    {
        $data['users'] = User::orderBy('id','desc')->paginate(8);
  
        return view('ajax-crud',$data);
    }
   
  
    /**
     * Store a newly created resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function store(Request $request)
    {  
        $user = User::updateOrCreate(
            ['id' => $request->user_id],
            ['name' => $request->name, 'email' => $request->email]
        );
        return Response::json($user);
    }
   
   
    /**
     * Show the form for editing the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function edit($id)
    {   
        $where = array('id' => $id);
        $user  = User::where($where)->first();

        return Response::json($user);
    }

  
    /**
     * Remove the specified resource from storage.
     *
     * @param  \App\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function destroy($id)
    {
        $user = User::where('id',$id)->delete();
  
        return Response::json($user);
    }
}

Create blade view :

In this step, we will create one blade file name ajax-crud.blade.php.

In this ajax-crud file we will implement users list, one boostrap modal for create and edit of users detail :

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
  <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
  <title>laravel 6 First Ajax CRUD Application - W3path.com</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/twitter-bootstrap/4.1.3/css/bootstrap.min.css" />
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery-validate/1.19.0/jquery.validate.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.14.3/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.3/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>

 <style>
   .container{
    padding: 0.5%;
   } 
</style>
</head>
<body>

<div class="container">
    <h2 style="margin-top: 12px;" class="alert alert-success">laravel 6 First Ajax CRUD Application - <a href="https://www.w3path.com" target="_blank" >W3path</a></h2><br>
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-12">
          <a href="javascript:void(0)" class="btn btn-success mb-2" id="create-new-user">Add User</a> 
          <a href="https://www.w3path.com/jquery-submit-form-ajax-php-laravel-5-7-without-page-load/" class="btn btn-secondary mb-2 float-right">Back to Post</a>
          <table class="table table-bordered" id="laravel_crud">
           <thead>
              <tr>
                 <th>Id</th>
                 <th>Name</th>
                 <th>Email</th>
                 <td colspan="2">Action</td>
              </tr>
           </thead>
           <tbody id="users-crud">
              @foreach($users as $u_info)
              <tr id="user_id_{{ $u_info->id }}">
                 <td>{{ $u_info->id  }}</td>
                 <td>{{ $u_info->name }}</td>
                 <td>{{ $u_info->email }}</td>
                 <td colspan="2">
                    <a href="javascript:void(0)" id="edit-user" data-id="{{ $u_info->id }}" class="btn btn-info mr-2">Edit</a>
                    <a href="javascript:void(0)" id="delete-user" data-id="{{ $u_info->id }}" class="btn btn-danger delete-user">Delete</a>
                  </td>
              </tr>
              @endforeach
           </tbody>
          </table>
          {{ $users->links() }}
       </div> 
    </div>
</div>

</body>
</html>

Next step, we will create one modal. After create a modal it put closing of last div tag :

<div class="modal fade" id="ajax-crud-modal" aria-hidden="true">
  <div class="modal-dialog">
    <div class="modal-content">
        <div class="modal-header">
            <h4 class="modal-title" id="userCrudModal"></h4>
        </div>
        <form id="userForm" name="userForm" class="form-horizontal">
          <div class="modal-body">
              <input type="hidden" name="user_id" id="user_id">
              <div class="form-group">
                <label for="name" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Name</label>
                <div class="col-sm-12">
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" id="name" name="name" placeholder="Enter Name" value="" maxlength="50" required="">
                </div>
              </div>

              <div class="form-group">
              <label class="col-sm-2 control-label">Email</label>
                <div class="col-sm-12">
                    <input type="email" class="form-control" id="email" name="email" placeholder="Enter Email" value="" required="">
                </div>
              </div>
          </div>
          <div class="modal-footer">
              <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" id="btn-save" value="create">
                Save changes
              </button>
          </div>
        </form>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

Next we will implement the ajax crud logic inside the script. Open your ajax-crud blade view file and put the below code after closing of body tag :

<script>
  $(document).ready(function () {
    $.ajaxSetup({
        headers: {
            'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
        }
    });
    /*  When user click add user button */
    $('#create-new-user').click(function () {
        $('#btn-save').val("create-user");
        $('#userForm').trigger("reset");
        $('#userCrudModal').html("Add New User");
        $('#ajax-crud-modal').modal('show');
    });

   /* When click edit user */
    $('body').on('click', '#edit-user', function () {
      var user_id = $(this).data('id');
      $.get('ajax-crud/' + user_id +'/edit', function (data) {
         $('#userCrudModal').html("Edit User");
          $('#btn-save').val("edit-user");
          $('#ajax-crud-modal').modal('show');
          $('#user_id').val(data.id);
          $('#name').val(data.name);
          $('#email').val(data.email);
      })
   });
   //delete user login
    $('body').on('click', '.delete-user', function () {
        var user_id = $(this).data("id");
        if(confirm("Are You sure want to delete !")) {

        $.ajax({
            type: "DELETE",
            url: "{{ url('ajax-crud')}}"+'/'+user_id,
            success: function (data) {
                $("#user_id_" + user_id).remove();
            },
            error: function (data) {
                console.log('Error:', data);
            }
        });
       }
    });   
  });

 if ($("#userForm").length > 0) {
      $("#userForm").validate({

     submitHandler: function(form) {

      var actionType = $('#btn-save').val();
      $('#btn-save').html('Sending..');
     
      $.ajax({
          data: $('#userForm').serialize(),
          url: "https://www.w3path.com/laravel-example/ajax-crud/store",
          type: "POST",
          dataType: 'json',
          success: function (data) {
              var user = '<tr id="user_id_' + data.id + '"><td>' + data.id + '</td><td>' + data.name + '</td><td>' + data.email + '</td>';
              user += '<td colspan="2"><a href="javascript:void(0)" id="edit-user" data-id="' + data.id + '" class="btn btn-info mr-2">Edit</a>';
                user += '<a href="javascript:void(0)" id="delete-user" data-id="' + data.id + '" class="btn btn-danger delete-user ml-1">Delete</a></td></tr>';
              
             
              if (actionType == "create-user") {
                  $('#users-crud').prepend(user);
              } else {
                  $("#user_id_" + data.id).replaceWith(user);
              }

              $('#userForm').trigger("reset");
              $('#ajax-crud-modal').modal('hide');
              $('#btn-save').html('Save Changes');
             
          },
          error: function (data) {
              console.log('Error:', data);
              $('#btn-save').html('Save Changes');
          }
      });
    }
  })
}
  
 
</script>

Start Development Server

In this step, we will use the php artisan serve command . It will start your server locally

 php artisan serve
If you want to run the project diffrent port so use this below command
php artisan serve --port=8080

Now we are ready to run our example so run bellow command to quick run.

http://127.0.0.1:8000/ajax-crud

Conclusion

In this laravel ajax crud operation, we have successfully created ajax crud application in laravel 6 application.

If you have any questions or thoughts to share, use the comment form below to reach us.

3 Comments

  1. sirglio frei said:

    Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this blog. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s difficult to get that “perfect balance” between superb usability and visual appearance. I must say that you’ve done a great job with this. In addition, the blog loads super quick for me on Opera. Exceptional Blog!

    October 11, 2019
    Reply
  2. Devang Hire said:

    There is bug in demo code when i have click on delete button at a time system give me alert to delete the data but when i click on ” cancel” button data is deleted successfully

    sol please add ” return false; ” after alert();

    November 19, 2019
    Reply
    • w3path said:

      Hi Devang,

      Thanks to pointing me there, I have made the changes

      Thanks

      November 20, 2019
      Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *