Laravel 6 Multiple Authentication System Example Tutorial

Laravel multi (auth) authentication- Today we are going to show you, how to create multi auth system in laravel 6. Mulitple auth system means multiple users can login in one application according to roles.

Multiple authentication is very important in the large application of laravel. Authentication is the process of recognizing user credentials.

In this laravel multi auth system, we will create a middleware for checking the users role. It is admin or normal user. We will create middleware name admin and configuration in kernal.php file and also in route file.

Laravel Multi Auth System

Contents

  • Download Laravel Setup
  • Setup Database Credentials
  • Setting up migration and model
  • Define Route
  • Create Methods in Controller
  • Create Blade View
  • Start Development Server
  • Conclusion

Download Laravel Setup

First We need Download fresh Laravel setup. Use the below command to download the laravel 5.8 fresh setup on your system. We will keep the name of folder laravel multi auth

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel LaraMulti

Setup Database Crendentials

After successfully download laravel Application, Go to your project .env file and set up database credential and move next step :

  DB_CONNECTION=mysql 
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=here your database name here
DB_USERNAME=here database username here
DB_PASSWORD=here database password here

Setting up migration and model

Next we will add new files name is_admin in users table. Open the migration of user in Database/migration/user.php and update the following field for admin.

$table->boolean('is_admin')->nullable();

Next open app/User.php and update the below field name is_admin here.

protected $fillable = [
'name', 'email','avatar','password','mobile_number','is_admin',
];

Now, we will add is_admin filed after that we will use the below command for creating this field into database.

php artisan migrate

Now, we need to create build-in authentication system. Use the below command for creating default auth system in laravel. We will change laravel build-in auth system to multi auth system

composer require laravel/ui 
php artisan ui bootstrap --auth 

Create Middleware and Setting up

In this laravel multi auth system , we need to create a middleware for checking the users. Who can access the admin area or who can access the normal user area.

php artisan make:middleware Admin

After create a middleware go to app/http/middleware. Implement the logic here for checking a loggedin users. Update the code in this handle function.

if(auth()->user()->is_admin == 1){
 return $next($request);
 }
 return redirect(‘home’)->with(‘error’,’You don't have admin access’);
 }

We need to register this route in the app/Http/Kernel.php . Update the $routeMiddleware property with :

// Kernel.php
 protected $routeMiddleware = [
 ‘auth’ => \Illuminate\Auth\Middleware\Authenticate::class,
 ‘auth.basic’ => \Illuminate\Auth\Middleware\AuthenticateWithBasicAuth::class,
 ‘bindings’ => \Illuminate\Routing\Middleware\SubstituteBindings::class,
 ‘can’ => \Illuminate\Auth\Middleware\Authorize::class,
 ‘guest’ => \App\Http\Middleware\RedirectIfAuthenticated::class,
 ‘throttle’ => \Illuminate\Routing\Middleware\ThrottleRequests::class,
 ‘admin’ => \App\Http\Middleware\Admin::class,
 ];.
 ?>

Create Route

Now We will one routes in web.php file as like below.

Open routes/web.php file

Route::get('admin/routes', '[email protected]')->middleware('admin');

Create Functions in Controller

Now open the controller let’s go to the => app/Http/Controllers/HomeController.php. Now create two methods here.

public function index()
{
return view(‘home’);
}
public function admin()
{
return view(‘admin’);
}

Create Blade View

Now we will create two blade view files first is display home page and second is display after login.

Open the resources/views/home.blade. file and update the below code.

@extends('layouts.app')

@section('content')
<div class="container">
    <div class="row justify-content-center">
        <div class="col-md-8">
            <div class="card">
                <div class="card-header">Dashboard</div>

                <div class="card-body">
                    @if(auth()->user()->is_admin == 1)
                    <a href="{{url('admin/routes')}}">Admin</a>
                    @else
                    <div class=”panel-heading”>Normal User</div>
                    @endif
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
@endsection

Now, I checked the user profile. If it is admin, it will navigate to the admin area. Otherwise, it will redirect to users area.

Create admin.blade.php

Open the resources/views/admin.blade.php file and update the following code:

@extends('layouts.app')

@section('content')
<div class="container">
    <div class="row justify-content-center">
        <div class="col-md-8">
            <div class="card">
                <div class="card-header">Dashboard</div>

                <div class="card-body">
                    @if(auth()->user()->is_admin == 1)
                    <a href="{{url('admin/routes')}}">Admin</a>
                    @else
                    <div class=”panel-heading”>Normal User</div>
                    @endif
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
@endsection

Start development server

Now we will start developement server using the below command and test our laravel multi auth system:

php artisan serve

After complete all steps, see the last testing steps for laravel multi auth system :

  • First register a user through Laravel register.
  • Second Change the status is_admin = 1
  • Third Login into laravel application

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